National Results

The indicators in this section cover deliveries between April 2013 and March 2014. They have been derived for appropriate subsets of all deliveries. For all indicators, multiple and preterm deliveries are excluded, so attention is focused on a more homogeneous group of women whose maternity care is most affected by clinical uncertainty.

1 — Unassisted vaginal deliveries

1a — Proportion of spontaneous, unassisted vaginal deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
44.9%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
57.9%
2 — Indicators related to induction of labour

2a — Proportion of induced labours

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
30.5%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
25.1%

2b — Proportion of induced labours in deliveries between 37 and 39 weeks of gestation

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
29.6%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
28.3%

2c — Proportion of induced labours in deliveries over 42 weeks of gestation

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
74.6%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
64.9%
3 — Indicators relating to caesarean section

3a — Proportion of deliveries by caesarean section

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
22.1%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
21.3%

3b — Proportion of induced labours resulting in emergency caesarean section

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
29.9%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
12.6%

3c — Proportion of spontaneous labours resulting emergency caesarean section

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
11.4%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
3.1%

3d — Proportion of prelabour caesarean sections

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
3.3%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
12.7%

3e — Proportion of prelabour caesarean sections performed before 39 weeks of gestation without clinical indication

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Prelabour caesarean section deliveries
National rate
24.0%

3f — Proportion of vaginal births following a primary caesarean section (VBAC)

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
27.9%
4 — Involvement of instruments

4a — Proportion of deliveries involving instruments

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
24.4%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
7.4%
5 — Episiotomy

5a — Proportion of episiotomy procedures among all vaginal deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
35.5%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
9.2%

5b — Proportion of episiotomy procedures among instrumental deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Forceps-assisted deliveries
National rate
88.7%
Subset
Vacuum-assisted deliveries
National rate
71.7%
6 — Indicators relating to third- and fourth-degree tears

6a — Proportion of third- and fourth-degree perineal tears among vaginal deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
5.1%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
1.8%

6b — Proportion of third- and fourth-degree perineal tears among unassisted vaginal deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
4.1%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
1.5%

6c — Proportion of third- and fourth-degree perineal tears among assisted vaginal deliveries

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Primiparous deliveries
National rate
7.3%
Subset
Multiparous deliveries
National rate
4.8%
7 — Unplanned readmission to hospital

7a — Unplanned maternal readmission to hospital within 42 days of delivery

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Vaginal deliveries
National rate
1.9%
Subset
Caesarean sections
National rate
3.0%

7b — Unplanned neonatal readmission to hospital within 28 days of birth

Subset National rate View graphs
Subset
Normal birthweight deliveries
National rate
3.0%

Additional information

Comprehensive data quality checks were carried out prior to analysis. Further information about these checks, as well as indicator definitions, can be downloaded below under ‘Technical Documents’.

More information about how the indicators were developed is available. You can search for individual trust results here.